~~Feathered Friend Safety Rules "He will cover you with his feathers, and under his wings you will find refuge; his faithfulness will be your shield and rampart." (Psalm 91:4)


For an excellent comprehensive list of Dangers: https://companionparrotonline.com/Dangers.html


~~General hazards: There are many more hazards, too many to list out. Use common sense and pretend your bird is a human toddler! That pretty much incapsulates the rules of parrot care. Teflon (PTFE) When heated can put off toxins when overheatedthat are deadly to birds. Self-Cleaning ovens are also a danger as well as oven cleaners ******************************************************* Dogs and Cats can be dangerous to birds. Some breeds of dogs are morE unpredictabLE around parrots. A cat scratch or saliva on a birds feather (when ingested while preening) can cause a serious infection in birds. Seek veterinarian assistance for a scratch or bite, and wipe ofF feathers immediately of any cat saliva ***************************************************** Children can also be unpredictable around parrots, and parrots may respond with a bite! All parrots can be bite, even the most docile. Supervise children carefully and do not let parrots around a child's face or shoulder

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Exposed electrical cords are a magnet to many parrots. Remove cords to a safe location away from your parrots cage or play area **************************************************** Boiling water and open cooking pans are a danger to flighted birds. Remove birds from your shoulders while cooking over the stove ***************************************************** Ceiling fans, windows, patio doors are a deadly target to a flighted or even a clipped bird. Clipped small birds can still fly especially when frightened ***************************************************** Toilet lids should always be left closed with not in use. Buckets of water or any container filled with water can pose a danger to a bird. Toilets also emit potentially dangerous germs to your bird ***************************************************** Be careful about shutting a door behind you when a bird is on your shoulder. When I was a young girl I had shut a bird in a door when it tried to fly back to its cage **************************************************** Cleaning compounds, any type of drug, personal care products, and vitamins can be deadly to your bird if ingested, or in some cases inhaled ****************************************************** In general it is not a good idea to burn candles around birds. However, I have never had an issue, but some precautions are in order: Burn unscented and/or soy candles with cotton wicks. Metal wicks or tealights with metal containers can put off toxins into the air ******************************************************* Harmful Foods: As a general rule, what is healthy for humans is also healthy for parrots. However, there are several definite NO~NOS that should be observed:

~~ No chocolate, avocados, fatty and salty foods, unwashed fruits and vegetables, uncooked potatoes and dried beans, banana peels, onions and garlic (may cause kidney and liver problems), apple seeds, alcohol, caffiene, the leaves of tomatoes, potatoes, and yams, mushrooms, fruit pits (plum, peach, cherry, apple seeds...) The pits of most fruit contain cyanide, and when ingested on a regular basis can cause illness and death.


http://www.inspection.gc.ca/food/consumer-centre/food-safety-tips/specific-products-and-risks/natural-toxins/eng/1332276569292/1332276685336


~~Peanuts should be limited to just a few as a peanut may contain aflatoxin a carcinogenic byproduct of the deadly fungus Aspergillosis. These can easily kill a parrot! I have a friend who lost her macaw from this very toxin. This was confirmed by a necropsy. And recently another friend lost her African Grey to the same fungus from peanuts...also confirmed through necropsy. Aspergillosis/aflatoxins can occur in many types of old moldy foods. Opt instead to offer your feathered friend almonds, macadamias, pistachios, filberts, and other types of unsalted nuts. By the way, peanuts are NOT nuts, but rather legumes and are closely akin to beans. They grow underground and are susceptible to fungus growth. Human grade peanuts are the best to offer parrots (if you absolutely have to feed them), as peanuts put in bird food are subgrade and more likely to contain aspergillosis and other types of harmful bacteria. http://www.parrotparrot.com/articles/parrotdiet/aspergillus-are-peanuts-safe-for-parrots/ http://www.rebeccawood.com/food-as-medicine/peanuts/

~~Parrots are lactose intolerant, though other types of birds can digest milk products. The following website addresses this topic stating that cheeses may be fed sparingly. But cheeses are high in fat and yogurt is probably better to feed in small quantities than cheese. http://www.myparrotcaresecrets.com/parrot-diet/ ~~Sunflower and Safflower seeds are fatty foods that can carry bacteria if old. Outside birds tolerate the higher fat content to keep warm and for breeding. Be especially wary of wet and/or old seeds of all types as they can grow fungus

~~Do not feed cracked corn to doves and pigeons as it can cause cankors. I recommend not feeding cracked corn to any birds except for chickens


http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,4570,7-153-10370_12150_12220-27288--,00.html


~~Be especially wary of toys or play items offered to your parrot. Look at them with the same type of scrutiny you would if offering to a young child.  Ask yourself if there are small pieces to ingest, strings to become tangled in, hooks, chains, or anything inquisitive feet, beaks, and wings can get caught in. I had an Amazon once get the hollow area under his beak hooked onto a pear shaped quick link. I no longer use them for big birds.


Household Toxins:

~~ALCOHOLIC DRINKS/CARBONATED DRINKS, AMMONIA ANTIFREEZE, ANT SYRUP, or PASTE ARSENIC, ASBESTOS, AUTO PRODUCTS, BATHROOM CLEANERS, BLEACH BORIC ACID ,CAMPHOPHENIQUE, CARBON MONOXIDE, CARPET CLEANERS, CARPET FRESHENERS, CHARCOAL FLUIDS, CHLORDANE CHLORINE, CIGARETTE SMOKE, CLINITEST TABLETS, COPPER/BRASS CLEANER, CORN & WART REMOVER ,,DEODORANTS DETERGENTS, DIAZINON ,DISINFECTANTS, DRAIN CLEANERS, EPOXY GLUE, FELT TIP MARKERS, FLEA PRODUCTS, FLOOR POLISH , FORMALDEHYDE, FURNITURE POLISH, GARDEN SPRAYS, GASOLINE GUN CLEANERS, HAIR DYES & SPRAYS, HERBICIDES INSECTICIDES, IODINE ,KEROSENE LIGHTER FLUID, LYE, MATCHES, MELALEUCA OIL, MODEL CEMENT ,MOTHBALLS, MURIATIC ACID, MUSHROOMS ,NAILPOLISH/REMOVER, NITROGEN DIOXIDE ,OVEN CLEANER, OVERHEATED NON-STICK COOKWARE, PAINT & THINNER PERFUME, PERMANENTS(HAIR), PESTICIDES, PHOTO SOLUTIONS ,PINE OIL, RX DRUGS, RODENTICIDES ,RUBBING ALCOHOL, SCENTED CANDLES, SHAVING LOTION ,SHELLAC, SHOE POLISH, SNAIL BAIT ,SPOT REMOVERS, SPRAY STARCH, STRYCHNINE, SULFURIC ACID, SUPER GLUE, SUNTAN LOTIONS/OILS, SURGICAL ACRYLICS, TEA TREE OIL, TURPENTINE, WAX ,WEED KILLERS, WINDOW CLEANERS, WOOD PRESERVATIVES .


NONE OF THESE WOODS ARE CONSIDERED SAFE IF THEY HAVE BEEN SPRAYED WITH INSECTICIDES.


No No in wood: As a general rule of thumb, cone bearing trees, fruit trees, oak (mistletoe), hemlock, holly (and other berry bearing trees), Wisteria, Yew, and Cedar, Alder, Azalea, Rhododenron, Bracken Ferns, Cannabis, Juniper, Tobacco, Tomato, Huckleberry leaves and branches, Hydrangea, are some of the more NOT good woods.


Yes Yes in wood: Weeping Willow, grape, cottonwood, madrona, Maple, Manzanita, LIlac, Bamboo, Ash, Beech, Corn plants, Myrtle, Magnolia, Mesquite, Mulberry, Nut trees (but stay away from Horse Chestnuts and  the wood), Dogwood, Birch, are some of the more common OK woods.


For a more complete list I found this website to be very helpful:

http://www.mdvaden.com/bird_page.shtml

SAFETY

Linda Rose Forney   503.460.7908